<澳洲大堡礁—色彩艷麗的海底世界>The Great Barrier Reef - Colorful Sea World

<澳洲大堡礁—海底世界

The Great Barrier Reef - Colorful Sea World


海洋是生命的母親,然而人們對海洋的認知深有不足,它至今仍然充滿未知之數,那一片無盡的藍色世界,吸引著人們的好奇目光。海洋雖是一切生命的來源,但它正在逐少逐少逝去,而其中珊瑚礁最能反映這個悲劇。旅客來到澳洲,大多會選擇到大堡礁潛水,在五花八門、色彩鮮豔的海底世界裡,跟海洋生物來一個零距離接觸,可能我們會對海洋甚至生命的態度,有所改變。

The sea is a mother of life, but people have insufficient knowledge about it. It remains mysterious, with an endless blue world that attracts people’s curious eyes. Though sea is a life source of everything, it keeps fading. Coral reefs can reflect this tragedy. When tourists go to Australia, they usually go to the Great Barrier Reef. In a wide variety of colorful sea world, a closed contact with sea creatures may change our attitude towards sea and even life.

澳洲給人的印象是熱情奔放的大自然,無盡的沙漠腹地、袋鼠的跳躍飛奔、樹熊的懶惰好食,還有大堡礁的海洋王國。大堡礁壯闊的風光沿著昆士蘭海岸線延伸超過2,000公里,是世界最大的熱帶珊瑚礁系統,海洋的寶庫為人類大開,不論豪華或經濟,人們也能夠在大堡礁探索海洋世界,進行水肺潛水、浮潛、玻璃船、噴射滑水、半潛水艇、帆船、甚至從高空鳥瞰,各種方式適隨尊便。

In people’s minds, Australia is about enthusiastic nature, endless deserts, kangaroos that jump around, lazy koalas and the ocean kingdom of the Great Barrier Reef. Magnificent scenery of the Great Barrier Reef extends over 2,000 kilometers along the coast of Queensland, making it be the largest tropical coral reef system in the world. The sea opens its treasure to human beings. No matter if it’s in luxurious or economic way, people can explore the sea world in the Great Barrier Reef, like scuba diving, snorkelling, glass boat, jet ski, half submarines, sailing or even just a bird's-eye view of it. You can choose whatever you like.


要去大堡礁,旅客一般會在凱恩斯落腳,由於它距離很多處旅遊勝地很近,所以成為外國旅客來訪的第一站,凱恩斯前往大堡礁搭船僅一個半小時,旅客到大堡礁玩,一般會即日回到凱恩斯休息,然後在這出發前往各旅遊點。大堡礁有上千座島嶼和不同種類珊瑚礁,旅遊景點亦眾多,海陸空俱備,難以逐一介紹,這裡先談一談兩次的浮潛活動。

Tourists tend to stay in Cairns if they go to the Great Barrier Reef because it is close to visit many tourist resorts. It becomes the first station for tourists to stay in. It takes one and half hours by ferry to go to the Great Barrier Reef. Usually, tourist will go back to Cairns after visiting the Great Barrier Reef on the same day, and then they will go to other tourist resorts. There are thousands of islands and different kinds of coral reefs. Therefor, many tourist resorts can be seen from the sky, land or sea, making it hard to introduce them all. Snorkelling will be introduced here.


這一次的大堡礁之旅去了綠島和外堡礁。從凱恩斯座坐船約45分鐘可到綠島,綠島水清又淺水,珊瑚礁清晰易見,可說艷麗之極,當地工作人員會用魚糧吸引魚群,讓旅客能夠拍攝精彩的相片,如果旅客動作太大,魚群甚至會想咬人,這感覺相當有趣。而從凱恩斯或艾爾利海灘,可租船到外堡礁。在外堡礁浮潛的水較深,人們和珊瑚礁的距離較遠,因此視覺上的震撼可能遠不及綠島,隱約間旅客會發現很多珊瑚礁群已經白化,這是大堡礁死後的遺體,大堡礁受破壞的情況遠比想像中嚴重。

Regarding my Great Barrier Reef trip, I went to Green Island and Moore Reef. It takes 45 minutes by ferry from Green Island to Cairns The water in Green Island is clear and shallow so Coral reefs can easily be seen, which is very beautiful. Local people, as well as tourists, will use fish food to attract the fish, which is great to take excellent photos. If their movement is strong and sudden, fish can even try to bite people, which is quite interesting. From Cairns or Airlie Beach, you can rent a boat to go to Moore Reef. Snorkelling in the water will allow you to go deeper in Moore Reef, creating a bigger distance with coral reefs. Its visual enjoyment is less than Green Island, however. Sometimes, tourists will find that many coral reefs have a bleaching phenomenon and its damage is more serious than people think.


大堡礁的旅遊活動數之不盡,為澳洲帶來眾多的經濟收益,但是後果卻是直接而顯而易見,加上各種各樣的破壞,澳洲大堡礁正迅速地消失。有人指現時的大堡礁只是全盛期的一半,或許再過數十年就會不復存在,這跟很多海洋生物的命運一樣。人類帶給大自然的破壞,即使做更多的保育工作也難以抵消所帶來的負面影響。走進海洋的領域,那一個我們不熟悉的世界,既是美麗而十分脆弱,而在不久的將來,將離人類而去。

Various tour activities in the Great Barrier Reef bring a lot of economic benefits to Australia. However, the consequence is direct and obvious. All kinds of damage lets the Great Barrier Reef fade away in a fast speed. People said that the number of current coral reefs is just half as much as its prime time. According to predictions, it will no longer exist after ten years Sadly, many creatures in the sea have the same fate as coral reefs. The protection from human being hardly offsets their damage to the sea, but it is right to make a change. The sea, a world we are not so familiar with, is beautiful but fragile, and might leave us some day.

  • Ÿ 旅客出國旅遊一般會寄明信片給親朋好友作留念,但在這裡就要慬慎選擇,因為寄四張明信片的費用就超過一百港元,相當昂貴。

  • 如果是跟旅遊團的旅客要留意,七八天的旅行團團費在一萬五千元間,看似便宜,但大部分的活動如浮潛等是自費活動,而且價格昂貴,旅客在準備預算時要留意這點。

  • 在大堡礁坐船出海容易因大浪而暈船浪,旅客應該帶備暈浪丸以防萬一。

  • 澳洲位於南半球,季節跟我們相反,比如六月出發,當地就正值冬季,而時差則比中國快兩小時。

  • 珊瑚本身是白色,它的顏色來自體內的共生海藻,珊瑚依賴體內的微型共生海藻生存,海藻通過光合作用向珊瑚提供能量。如果共生藻死亡,珊瑚就會變白,最終因失去營養供應而死。三十年前,大規模的珊瑚白化現象比較罕見,但近年來卻越來越多的珊瑚白化現象出現。

  • Tourists traveling abroad usually send postcards to their families and friends as souvenirs, but you need to be careful here. Four postcards can cost over a hundred HK dollars. It is quite expensive.

  • Tourists who joined a tourist agency need to notice that 7-8 days tour expense costs around 1,500 HK dollars may seem cheap, but most activities like snorkelling comes at your own expense. When making a budget for traveling, tourists should keep these details into consideration.

  • In the Great Barrier Reef, tourists on boats will easily get seasick because of the big waves, so they need to prepare proper medicine just in case.

  • Australia is located in the southern hemisphere. It has opposite season. For example, winter comes in June. It’s two hours ahead than China in terms of time difference.

  • Coral is white itself and its color comes from the symbiotic algae in its body. Coral reef relies on micro symbiotic algae in its body. Algae provide energy to coral through photosynthesis. If the symbiotic algae dies, the coral will eventually turn white and die due to nutrition deficiencies. Compared to thirty years ago, the massive coral-bleaching phenomenon was quite rare, but it appears more and more in recent years.

#CoverStory #Travel #Vacation

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